A long steel structure of New York, The High line
This high line was structured by the landscape architecture firm of James Corner Field Operations, competed against 720 teams from 3 countries to win the infrastructure conversion project, elevated linear park, greenway and rail train is 1.45-mile-long (2.33 km). It was constructed on a former New York central railroad spur on the west side of Manhattan in New York City. The High Line has become an icon of contemporary landscape architecture. More than half a decade later, the High Line’s transition to a public park is almost complete. On June 8th, architects, elected officials, and advocates watched as Mayor Michael Bloomberg cut the ceremonial red ribbon, officially announcing the opening of the first of three sections. The new park offers an alluring break from the chaotic city streets as users have an opportunity to experience an elevated space with uninterrupted views of the Hudson River and the city skyline.
This steel structure built in the 1930s for loaded trains; the last train ran on it in 1980. Expanded across the west side of the city, it runs from Gansevoort Street, in the Meatpacking District, through the West Chelsea gallery neighborhood, and ends at 34th Street, next to the Jacob Javits Convention Center. In 2003, an open competition was held to convert the existing infrastructure into a public park. It was inspired by the wild implanted landscape left after the line had been forgotten, they made a surface system that inspires natural growth which creates a ‘pathless’ landscape. The High Line surface is digitized into discrete units of paving and planting which are assembled along the 1.5 miles into a variety of gradients from 100% paving to 100% soft, richly vegetated biotopes,” explained DS + Renfro. This undefined and unobtrusive environment allows the public to meander and experience the park as they wish.
The main attraction of the park include naturalized plantings, encourage by plants which grew on the out of date tracks, and views of the city and the Hudson River. The pebble-dash concrete walkways swell and constrict, swing from side to side, and divide into concrete tines which meld the hardscape with plantings embedded in railroad-gravel mulch. "By opening the paving, we allow the plants to bleed through," said landscape architect James Corner, "almost as if the plants were colonizing the paved areas. There's a sort of blending or bleeding or suturing between the hard paving, the surface for people to stroll on, and the planting ... “ Area of track and ties recall the High Line's former use, and portions of the track are re-used for rolling lounges positioned for river views. The 120-species plant palette, curated by Dutch landscape architect Piet Outdolf, includes sturdy meadow plants (such as clump-forming grasses, Liatris, and coneflowers) and scattered stands of sumac and smokebush and is not limited to .native plants. At the Gansevoort Street end, a grove of mixed species of birch provides shade by late afternoon. Ipe timber for the built-in benches came from a managed forest certified by the Forest Stewardship Council to ensure sustainability and the conservation of biological diversity, water resources, and fragile ecosystems. According to James Corner Field Operations, the High Line's design "is characterized by an intimate choreography of movement.
The High Line also has cultural attractions as part of a long-term plan for the park to host temporary installations and performances. Creative Time. Friends of the High Line, and the New York City Department of parks andRecreationcommissioned The River That Flows Both Ways by Spencer Finch as the inaugural art installation. The work is integrated into the window bays of the former Nabisco factory loading dock as a series of 700 purple and gray glass panes. Each color is calibrated to match the center pixel of 700 digital pictures (one taken every minute) of the Hudson River, making up an extended portrait of the river. Creative Time worked with Finch to realize his site-specific concept after he saw the rusted, disused mullions of the old factory, with metal-and-glass specialists Jaroff Design helping to prepare and reinstall.
Mr. Bloomberg called the Hih Line, “an extraordinary gift to our city’s future….It really does live up to its highest expectation.” The promenade has initiated more than 30 new projects in the nearby neighborhood, including Renzo Piano’s new satellite for the Whitney Museum of American Art. The new space will offer greening opportunities, alternative transportation options, and social benefits to meet changing needs in urban environments. It is expected that the radical infrastructure conversion will attract thousands from around the world in its opening season.