Architectural style of brutalist primarily used for institutional buildings

Oct 16, 2019

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They say that trends are rounded and the elderly becomes new again. This is true for fashion, music and art. In the architecture case, there is no architectural style that makes this theory better than Brutalism. From the mid-20th century, this genre emerged in popularity before reaching its peak in the mid-1970s, when it broke as a bad taste model. But all this has changed now with the latest interest and admiration for the architectural style changed.

Known for its use of functional reinforced concrete and steel, modular elements and utilitarian feelings, Brutalist architecture was primarily used for institutional buildings. Imagery and geometric, brutalist buildings have graphic quality that make them attractive today. Associated with schools, churches, libraries, theaters and social housing projects, brothelism is often associated with the 20th century urban doctrine that focuses on socialist ideals. With the need of construction after World War II, brutalism is being used worldwide, but especially in the UK and Eastern European communist countries, where it is used to make new national socialist architecture. The concrete love of the Swiss-French architect Le Corbusier‘s is translated into a building that takes into account many cruelty births. Unité d’Habitation was his first project in 10 years in Marseilles, France, stopping his practice in World War II. Completed in 1952 and creating a home for the working class, Le Corbusier's design was fitted with a modular apartment for a large-scale, concrete framework. A large complex, which could house up to 1,600 people, was usually filled with decorative elements and set the framework for future Brutalist projects.

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In the context of architecture, the term Brutalism was first created by the Swedish architect, Hans Asplundh; In 1949, to describe a square brick house named Villa Goth. The style was taken over by the English architects where style was honed further by Allison and Peter Smithson. Together they are known for the Robin Hood Gardens Council Housing Complex in East London. Completed in 1972, it was made from a precast concrete slab, and despite being created by Smithsons’ ideals for ideal life, he had never lived up to his goals. In the year 2017, the Eastern block was broken as part of a renewal plan. But to show how far Brutalism came away, Victoria and Albert Museum received three stories of the building demolished.