Michael Graves was an American architect. Identified as one of The New York Five, as well as Memphis Group. Graves was known first for his contemporary building designs and some prominent public commissions that became iconic examples of Postmodern architecture, such as the Portland Building and Denver Public Library. His recognition grew through designing domestic products sold by premium Italian housewares maker Alessi, and later low-cost new designs at stores such as Target and J. C. Penney in the United States.He was a representative of New Urbanism and New Classical Architecture and formerly designed postmodern buildings and was recognized as a major influence in all three movements.
1. Portland Building:- The Portland Building, by architect and product designer Michael Graves, is considered the first major built work of Postmodernist architecture. The design, which displays numerous symbolic elements on its monumental facades, stands in purposeful contrast to the functional Modernist architecture that was dominant at the time. As Graves explains of his architecture: it’s “a symbolic gesture, an attempt to re-establish a language of architecture and values that are not a part of modernist homogeneity.
2. Humana Building:- The Humana Building, or sometimes called the Humana Tower, is a skyscraper in downtown Louisville, Kentucky. Standing at 26 stories tall, it is the headquarters of the Humana Corporation and known for its postmodern architecture. Each of the sides of the building is different, but all meet in a sloping pyramid at the top and are clad in pink granite. In 1987, the American Institute of Architects awarded the Humana Building the National Honor Award.
3. Walt Disney World Dolphin:- The theme for the design of the hotels sprung right from its early conceptual stages, where Graves developed an entire story to create characters for both the Swan and the Dolphin in a magical tale that he thought could potentially become Disney characters. Graves' story behind the hotels began with the idea for the Dolphin, which he said was an island that was formed by a sudden cataclysmic event, such as an underwater volcano or earthquake.
4. 425 Fifth Avenue:- It contains 81 residences on its top 27 floors and has four floors of offices, two floors of retail space and 16 floors of extended stay residences managed by the Envoy Club. 425 Fifth Avenue apartments are modern and feature wood floors, tall windows, spacious living rooms, large galleries and some terraces. Kitchens have cherry wood cabinetry, black granite countertops, and top notch stainless steel appliances. Bathrooms feature marble and Italian tiles, deep soaking tubs and glass-enclosed shower stalls. Units also have panoramic views of the city, the Empire State Building, Bryant Park and the rivers.
5. Snyderman House:- The Snyderman House was a spectacular, widely published single-family residence in Fort Wayne, Indiana, designed for Sanford and Joy Snyderman in 1972 by architect Michael Graves. Celebrated in both the architectural and popular press as a tour-de-force of late modernism, it was a splendid example of Graves' imaginative, sophisticated work. It stood, along with Graves' Hanselman House, Richard Meier's New Harmony Athenaeum—which was related to the Snyderman House—and the buildings of Columbus, Indiana, as national icons of modern architecture located in the state of Indiana.
6. Denver Central library:- Known for his surreal and “entertainment” architecture; Graves’ implemented traditional post-modern motifs of abstracted classical forms, natural materials, and colors commonly found in past centuries. Sitting adjacent to Daniel Libeskind’s Denver Art Museum, the Denver Central Library stands as the 8th largest library in the United States, as well as the largest library between Chicago and Los Angeles, attracting over a million visitors each year.
7.Minneapolis Institute of Art :- MGA&D was commissioned by The Minneapolis Institute of Arts (MIA), one of the nation’s leading encyclopedic art museums, to design their major expansion and renovation which includes a new 113,000-square-foot wing and 49,000 square feet of building renovation, which together adds thirty-four new galleries and nearly forty percent new exhibition space to the MIA. The ground floor contains an education center with seminar rooms, and public study rooms for the library, photography, and works on paper, organized around a central skylit atrium. The top floor contains a 300-seat reception hall and pre-function space. Intermediate-level galleries connect to renovated space in the existing building.