British Museum in London - Public Organisation Devoted

Oct 16, 2019

The British Museum, located in the Blistery area of London, is a public organization devoted to the United Kingdom, human history, art, and culture. Its number of permanent selections is approximately 8 million works, and it is the largest and most comprehensive in continuation which was given a broad source during the British Empire period and the story of human culture from its beginning to its beginning.

This museum established in 1753. That was 265 years ago. The Museum is located in Great Russell Street, London in U.K. This Museum has traveled about 5,906,716 people. Richard Lambert was its chairmen and this museum director was Hartwig Fischer. These museum areas approximately 807,000 square feet in 94 galleries are included.

The British Museum was established in 1753, mostly based on the selection of therapist and scientist Sir Hans Slain. The museum was first announced on 15 January 1759 at the Montego House in the present building's place. For the following two and a half centuries, its expansion was largely the result of the spread of British colonies, and as a result, many branch organizations were created, the first was the British Museum of Natural History in South Kensington in 1881.

In the year 1973, the British Library Act 1972 had private the Library Department from the British Museum but progress to organize a private British Library as a single reading room and a building as a museum until 1997. The museum is a non-departmental public institution, with no digital access fees, except for loan exhibitions, through digital for digital, culture, media and sport, and all other national museums in the United Kingdom.

Combining Great Russell Street is distinctive of the Greek Revival Facade Sir Robert Smirk, which has 44 columns with an iconic order of 45 feet (14 meters), which is closely related to the temple of Athena Polias, the favorite in Asia Minor. Fifteen allegorical breaks entrenched in 1852, where decorations on the main entrance are decorated by Sir Richard Westmacott showing the progress of civilization.

However, today the British Museum was founded as a "Universal Museum", a museum of cultural art objects and antiquities. Its establishment is in the desire of Irish-born British physician and naturalist Sir Hans Sloane (1660-1753). During his lifetime, Sloan collects an eerie collection of curiosity and does not want to see its collection broken after death, for which it has given the legacy of King George II to the nation for the amount of 20,000 pounds.

At that time, Sloan's collection included 71,000 items of all kinds’ objects, including expanded natural history models, in addition to 33,000 texts, including nearly 40,000 printed books, 7,000 manuscripts, dried plants, prints, and Sudan's Albert Durer and Antiquity. Egypt, Greece, Rome, Ancient Near East and America.