Constructed on the southern bank of the Yamuna River in Agra, India, the mausoleum is one of the most beautiful examples of Mughal architecture, a perfect mixture of Indian, Persian and Islamic architecture. Built entirely out of white marbles, the beauty of the Taj Mahal is beyond description. A rumor has been in the air since the birth of this Mughal art that the shimmering white marble that seems to change color depending on the daylight.
Ustad-Ahmad Lahori, the main architect of the Taj Mahal, was the master mind behind this jaw dropping piece of beauty and love. He rightly understood what the sultan wants and here we have it today The Taj Mahal.
For its construction, artist of every field were commanded to work from the dome makers, to the calligraphers, the cutters of stone, carvers and masons and many other artisans were requisitioned from the whole of the empire and also from the Central Asia and Iran. In all, more than 20,000 workers from India, Persia, Europe and the Ottoman Empire, along with some 1,000 elephants, were brought in to build the mausoleum complex. It tricky work of art and architectural genius took 17 years to complete. The most recognizable feature is the white dome at the peak of the mausoleum. Often called the 'onion dome', it rises to about 73 meters and is surrounded by four other domes. It is also known for the inscription of versus of Quran done on the entrance and the other parts of the Mahal.
The rest of the Taj Mahal complex includes a Red sandstone gateway, which is the main entrance to the tomb. It has long pools of waters dividing a square garden in four. It also has a Redstone mosque on the right side of the Mahal and a jawab (mirror) on the left side of the Taj, being identical to the mosque. This theme is purely common in most Mughal architectures. A keen interplay is established between the building’s elements, its surface decoration, materials, geometric planning, and its acoustics. The taj is ordered by grids and the whole of the complex is more symmetrical and geometrical. The taj is situated on a high raised platform which is over 6-8meters were the supreme base of the taj is based on well foundation as the Taj is situated above the Yamuna River. The actual tomb of shah Jahan is in the basement below the platform, surmounted by a curving dome which is over 60m long on each side. Height of the dome is over 60m at its pinnacle and the platform 94sq meter area.
The dome is the most remarkable part of the taj Mahal, enormous, carved with precious jewels, kept up there as the crown of the Mahal, sitting on a massive drum that adds support to the circular top. The main dome is located at the exact centre of the structure and it is bounded by four other smaller domes. The drum is so keenly designed with superb inlay work with an Islamic inscription made of gold. The flooring patters are completely based on the Indian and Persian motifs. There are holes made on the floor all around the complex for storm water to drain.
There is a lot more you can know about the Taj and a lot more we need to explore about it.
The famous English poet, Sir Edwin Arnold quoted the symbol of love in the finest way as "Not a piece of architecture, as other buildings are, but the proud passions of an emperor's love wrought in living stones."