Hawa Mahal is located at Badi Choupad, Jaipur. It is build up of red and pink sandstone. It was erected in 1799 by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh. It has 953 windows on the outside walls. It was a brew of Mughal and Rajasthani style of architecture. Hawa Mahal is treated as the landmark of the Jaipur.
In 1799, it was constructed by Lal Chand Ustad. The exterior of the building is structured like a beehive. The small windows of the Mahal are decorated with intricate latticework. The idea of the lattice design was that royal ladies could watch the everyday life and festivals of the city through the windows. The Purdah System was strictly followed at that time. The system of Purdah forbade them from appearing in public without covering their faces. The windows of the Mahal make the whole area cool during the high temperatures in summer.
The palace is a five-story pyramid-shaped memorial which rises 50 feet. Hawa Mahal was built in the form of Lord Krishna’s Crown. It is believed that Sawai Pratap Singh was the great devotee of Lord Krishna. The top three storey of the building has the breadth of a single room, as the first and second floors have a balcony in front of them. The front ascent seen from the street view looks like a honeycomb with a small outlet. Each outlet has miniature windows, finials, and domes. It gives the presence of a mass of semi-octagonal bays, giving the building its different exterior. It does not have a direct entrance. One has to come from the side of the City Palace. Hawa Mahal was built in the middle of the City, so it does not have an entrance from outside. There are no stairs for the upper slopes but it has slopes to reach the top floors. The interior of the Mahal consists of rooms having various colored marbles, satisfied by decorated panels, while fountains grace the center of the courtyard.T he cultural and architectural of the Hawa Mahal is a true reflection of a blend of Rajput architecture and Islamic Mughal architecture. The Style of Rajput is seen in the form of domed, pillars, lotus and floral patterns and the Islamic style is shown in its stone inlay filigree work and arches.
Hawa Mahal entrance from the city palace side is through a royal door. It opens into a large courtyard that has double storeyed buildings on three sides; with the Hawa Mahal surround it on the east side. Hawa Mahal was named as ‘ Hawa Mandir ‘ from its 5th floor. The Mahal is protected by the Archaeological Department of the Government of Rajasthan.