Breathtaking in its appeal, the Kumbhalgarh fort is situated in a district of Rajsamand in Rajasthan. Rajasthan is a state of India synonymous to terms like royalty, majesty, and grace. Palaces and the forts in Rajasthan are proofs that the rulers were meticulous builders. They were successful in building these massive structures without any modern time equipment, standing against unsympathetic desert winds and harsh sun. The great Kumbhalgarh fort is evidencing the hard work of the ruler Maharana Kumbha of the 15th century. Enlarged during the 19th century, this fort is also the birthplace of Maharana Pratap, the great king, and warrior of Mewar. Standing majestically on 1180m high ridge and representing the past glory of the Rajput rulers, the Fort also provides a panoramic view of the countryside from the top. Even the mighty Mughal couldn’t capture it alone and it took the combined armies of Delhi, Amber, and Marwar to breach its defenses. Thirteen mountain peaks of the Aravali range protect this invincible fortress.
Trek towards the architecture of the fort:
Seven huge gates followed by one another and with crenulated walls strengthened by bulwark and towers to keep an eye on the paths toward the fort. The very first gate of the fort is on the southern region known as Aret Pol, followed by gateways known as Halla Pol, Hanuman Pol, Ram Pol and Vijay Pol. The luxurious top of the complex was protected by three - the Bhairon Pol, the Nimboo Pol, and the Paghra Pol. One gate on the eastern region connecting Marwar and Mewar was Danibatta. The strong structure and solid foundation of the Fort made it unbeatable till date. The hefty walls of the fort are broad enough to stand eight horses side by side. Another striking fact about the fort is that it had 364 temples, out of which 300 were Jain temples. Even though Rajputs were Hindus but Jainism flourished in this part of India.
Unlike any other fort, it has a lot of ramps. The walk area towards the hill from the base is 3kms. The ramp area was made this way with sharp turns and twists on purpose so that it is difficult for big army elephants and horses to climb uphill. It would be an arduous task for the attacking force to quickly climb up and turn along the ramps, thereby buying time for the defending forces. The wall runs through the forest area which falls under Kumbhalgarh National Park. The entire length of the inner wall is designed with openings that are tapering such that they are narrow from the outside and broad from the inside. So soldiers could be shielded by these walls and aim at the enemy troop through these openings without being spotted from the outside. Not only this, but the enemy troops were lead to mysterious traps to easily mislead them, so it would be totally impossible for them to invade in. another interesting thing we could see inside the fort that the doors were made so colossal and robust that it could be nearly impossible to break them with human force and strength of elephants would be required.
The Fort has stood high on land for 700 years now and its architectural brilliance is proved by the fact that it is still intact and in a very good shape. It’s our ‘Great Wall Of India’