Germans are good at what they do. And one of the things they do, they build monumental structures. The country had a tumultuous history, passed through many eras, that are evident in the architecture. We have chosen ten examples, most of the – historic, but also a few modern ones, that prove this country to be so amazing and skillful.
1. Cologne Cathedral
One of the most monumental cathedrals in the world. You can see it almost from anywhere in Cologne. The tall towers overlook the city, while once you are near it and approach it from below, it feels as if it reaches the sky. It is Built in the 13th century, the temple is an incredible architectural achievement.
2. Neuschwanstein Castle, Hohenschwangau, Bavaria
The glorious and most famous European castle is a jewel of Bavaria. It was built in the 19th century by the personal fortune of Ludwig II of Bavaria. The castle looks like from a fairytale from the inside out! The Neo-Romanesque palace’s interior design often adopts the themes and characters from Wagner’s operas. And the landscape is breathtaking: situated in the Bavarian Alps, the amazing panorama of the Alps and Hohenschwangau valley opens from the palace.
3. Wiblingen Monastery Library
Founded in a former Benedictine abbey, the library boasts opulent interiors. Together with a church, the library is open to the public to views. Even guided tours are available, that provide an insight into German history and this particular complex.
4. Hohenzollern Castle
Built on the Mount Hohenzollern, 855 m above sea level, the castle is one of the most beautiful in the country. Just as the name suggests, the castle once was the ancestral seat of the Hohenzollerns, who emerged in the Medieval era later to become the emperors of Germany. In the 19th century King Frederick William IV of Prussia took over and rebuild the destroyed palace.
5. Duchess Anna Amalia Library, Weimar
Besides a 1 million books collection, the library houses medieval and early modern manuscripts and thousands of music scripts. Meanwhile the building is so elegant and a fine example of Rococo. Famous German poet and writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was one of the patrons of the library.
6. Stadtbibliothek Stuttgart
The public library is housed in a newly built building, which is not very unusual from the outside. However, on the inside there is a whole another story. Dazzling white, spacious halls and vast collection of books make it a relevant tourist attraction for its design alone.
7. The Semperoper, Dresden
Part of the historic center of beautiful Dresden, the opera house was built in 1841 by Gottfried Semper. The very first opera performed here was written by German composer Carl Maria von Weber. Today numerous operas and ballet performances, mostly classical, entertain the visitors. Moreover there is a chic restaurant Bean&Beluga, which offers delicious meals and a list of unique wines.
8. Vischering Castle, Lüdinghausen, North Rhine-Westfalia
The building is a beautiful moat castle example – it stands in the middle of a deep ditch, filled with water. It was built by an order of Bishop Gerhard von der Mark in 1271. The ensemble includes a sandstone castle and a chapel. The trees grow around the ditch, adding a beautiful aura to the landscape.
9. Rakotzbrücke, Rhododendronpark, Kromlau
If you will search for the attractions in Kromlau, the Rakotzbrücke will certainly pop out. The largest park in Saxony was commissioned by Friedrich Herrmann Rötschke, the knight of Kromlau, in the middle of the 19th century. The Medieval looking bridge is outstanding, however it dates back to 1860s. Its high canopy and reflection in the water of the river Rakotzsee create a full circle.
10. Umschreibung, Munich
The winding staircase was erected in 2004 by Olafur Eliasson – a Danish-Icelandic artist, who is known for his sculptures and installation art. The title means „transcription“ or „rewriting“. Umschreibung is located in the patio of the global accounting firm KPMG. It is 9 m (30 ft) tall, made of steel and slightly reminds the Möbius strip.